Top 10 Causes of Cancer

Top 10 Causes of Cancer

Cancer is the leading cause of death in adults >65 years. Before treatment, staging is important to determine type and extent of disease.

Goals of cancer treatment include cure, prolongation of survival or palliative symptom control. Cytotoxic chemotherapy is main treatment for disseminated disease.

For optimum treatment, management must be tailored to individual, anticipating side effects and considering patient preferences.

Newer approaches include use of targeted therapies with more tolerable side effect profiles than conventional therapy

Table of Contents

What Causes Cancer?

Lifestyle

Environment

 

Environment

 

Environment

Family History

Family history

 

Top 10 Causes of Cancer

  1. Smoking

Smoking

  1. Diet high fat and low in fruits and vegetables

fatty foods

  1. Lack of exercise (<30min/day)
  2. Unprotected exposure to the sun, (UV) rays
  3. Obesity (BMI >30)
  4. Second hand smoke
  5. Chemical exposures
  6. Industrial pollution
  7. Air pollution
  8. Family history (Inherited)

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Types of cancer

  • Colon
  • Breast
  • Cervical
  • Prostate
  • Testicular
  • Skin

 

Ways to Reduce the Risks of Developing Cancer-primary prevention

  1. Avoid smoking or chewing tobacco
  2. Fruits and vegetables decrease cancer risks
  3. Limit alcohol to no more than Men – 2 drinks per day & Women – 1 drink per day
  4. Reduce Your Skin Exposure to the Sun
  5. Exercise for 30 minutes or more at least 4 days a week

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Treatment methods

  • Surgery
  • Radiotherapy
  • Chemotherapy

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